General Info

Frati Francesco - Full Professor/Professore Ordinario

Email: frati@unisi.it

Office/Ufficio: +39 (0)577 234417

Laboratory/Laboratorio: +39 (0)577 234398

Fax: +39 (0)577 234476

Skype: francesco_frati

Research Group

Work in Progress!

Research Interest

The main research interests of the group focus on the use of molecular markers to study phylogeny, and population structure and genetics. The main research lines are the following:

  • Molecular phylogeny of basal hexapods (apterygotans)
  • Evolution of the mitochnodrial genome in Arthropoda
  • Origin, evolution and population structure of Antarctic Collembola
  • Origin, distribution, and historical pattern of invasion of the olive fly, Bactrocera oleae
  • Population genetics of Collembola
  • Influence of Wolbachia on the reproductive behaviour of Collembola
Curriculum Vitae

Career
Bachelor degree at the University of Siena, 1988
PhD in Animal Biology (Zoology), at the University of Siena, 1992
1990-91: graduate fellow at the Dept. of Cell Biology & Anatomy of the Cornell Medical College, New York (U.S.A.)
1992: post-doctoral fellow at the Dept. of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology of the University of Connecticut, Storrs (U.S.A.)
1993: Fellowship from the Italian National Council of Research (R.A.I.S.A. project)
1994: appointed as a “Ricercatore” in Zoology from the Faculty of Science, University of Siena
2000: appointed as Associate Professor in Zoology from the Faculty of Science, University of Siena
2006: appointed as Full Professor in Zoology from the Faculty of Science, University of Siena

Teaching
PAST: Entomology, Mechanisms of Evolution of the Animal Genome, Symbiosis and Animal Associations, Diversity and Evolution of Reproduction in Animals
PRESENT: Evolutionary Biology, Molecular Phylogeny, General Zoology, Population and Conservation Genetics

Academic and professional appointments
1995-2001: Steering Committee for the Degree in Biological Sciences (Univ. Siena)
2003-2009: Head of the Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Siena
2002-2010: Chair of the Steering Committee for the Degree in Biodiversity, Ecology & Evolution (Univ. Siena)
2007-present: vice-Dean of the Faculty of Science, University of Siena
2007-present: member of the Steering Committee of the Italian Society of Zoology
1994-present: member of the Steering Committee of the Graduate School in Evolutionary Biology (Univ. Siena)
2010-present: Chair of the Steering Committee of the Graduate School in Evolutionary Biology (Univ. Siena)
2004-present: member of the Steering Committee of the Master in Bioinformatics (Univ. Siena)

Present Editorial appointments
2007-present: Associate Editor of Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution
2005-present: member of the Editorial Board of Pedobiologia

Research activities
1995-6: participation to the 11th Italian Expedition in Antarctica
1999: participation to the 14th Italian Expedition in Antarctica
2001-2: participation to the 17th Italian Expedition in Antarctica

Funding
University of Siena (P.A.R.): 1994, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2005
University of Siena (Equipment): 2001
N.A.T.O. Collaborative Grant (1997)
Italian Ministery for the University (P.R.I.N.): 1997, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2007
MPS Foundation: 2003, 2004
Italian National Program of Research in Antarctica: 2003, 2004, 2005

Selected Publications

1.        Simon C., Frati F., Beckenbach A., Crespi B., Liu H., Flook P. (1994) Evolution, weighting, and phylogenetic utility of mitochondrial gene sequences and a compilation of conserved Polymerase Chain Reaction primers. Ann. Ent. Soc. of America, 87: 651-701.

2.        Frati F., Simon C., Sullivan J., Swofford D.L. (1997) Evolution of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase II gene in Collembola. J. Mol. Evol., 44: 143-158.

3.        Frati F., Dell’Ampio E., Casasanta S., Carapelli A., Fanciulli P.P. (2000) Large amounts of genetic divergence among Italian populations and species of the genus Orchesella (Insecta, Collembola) and the relationships of two new species. Mol. Phylog. Evol., 17: 456-461.

4.        Nardi F. Carapelli A., Fanciulli P.P., Dallai R., Frati F. (2001) The complete mitochondrial DNA sequence of the basal hexapod Tetrodontophora bielanensis: evidence for heteroplasmy and tRNA translocations. Mol. Biol. Evol., 18: 1293-1304.

5.        Nardi F., Spinsanti G., Boore J.L., Carapelli A., Dallai R., Frati F. (2003) Hexapod origins: monophyletic or polyphyletic? Science, 299: 1887-1889.

6.        Nardi F., Carapelli A., Dallai R., Roderick G.K., Frati F. (2005) Population structure and colonization history of the olive fly, Bactrocera oleae (Diptera, Tephritidae). Mol. Ecol., 14: 2729-2738.

7.        Simon C., Buckley T.R., Frati F., Stewart J.B., Beckenbach A.T. (2006) Incorporating molecular evolution into phylogenetic analysis, and a new compilation of conserved Polymerase Chain Reaction primers for animal mitochondrial DNA. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst., 37: 545-579.

8.        Carapelli A., Liò P., Nardi F., van der Wath E., Frati F. (2007) Phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial protein coding genes confirms the reciprocal paraphyly of Hexapoda and Crustacea. BMC Evol. Biol., 7 (suppl.2): S8.

9.        Carapelli A., Comandi S., Convey P. Nardi F., Frati F. (2008) The complete mitochondrial genome of the Antarctic springtail Cryptopygus antarcticus (Hexapoda: Collembola). BMC Genomics, 9: 315.

10.    Cicconardi F., Nardi F., Emerson B.C., Frati F., Fanciulli P.P. (2010) Deep phylogeographic divisions and long-term persistence of forest invertebrates (Hexapoda: Collembola) in the North-Western Mediterranean basin. Molecular Ecology, 19: 386-400.